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Native to the Indian subcontinent and mostly grown in the coastal Andhra Pradesh in our country, these smooth, cylindrical oval shaped black gram beans go with the botanical name Vigna mungo and are popularly known as Urad Dal in Hindi, minapappu in Telugu, Vulundhu in Tamil.
Black gram grows on an erect, hairy bush with stems diffusing from the base reaching up to 30 to 100 cm in height with trifoliate leaves, sporting tiny, yellow flowers. The fruit looks cylindrical while its hairy pods contain up to 4 to 10 black seeds. This fast-growing plant has in fact made India the largest producer of black gram in the world with 1.5 million tonnes of seeds annually, followed by Fiji, Mauritius, Africa and Caribbean countries.
Black gram or urad dal holds a high protein value than most of the legumes. It is also an excellent source of dietary fiber, isoflavones, vitamin B complex, iron, copper, calcium, magnesium, zinc, potassium, phosphorus which offers a myriad of healing health benefits.
black gram is a rich source of protein, Vitamin B, potassium, calcium, iron, niacin, thiamine and riboflavin.
Organic black gram whole
How to use
Indians use this well known lentil for making piping hot fluffy idlis, crispy vadas and tantalizing dosas. The famous Maa Ki Daal from North India is made with this black lentil.